Bus Rapid Transit
ITP has been at the forefront of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) since developing the Northampton Rapid Transit System proposals in the 1990's. Our expertise ranges from “classic” BRT development in the Philippines, Ghana and Nigeria to a more pragmatic approach in the UK, where the focus has been on delivering priority where needed alongside quality improvements. What is common to all, however, is the treatment of public transport as a cohesive system rather than a collection of disaggregated parts.
Our international workload on BRT scheme planning and development has taken off dramatically in recent years. We have worked on many high profile projects in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and contributed to research that developed a new breed of rubber tyred vehicles across Europe. We were responsible for bringing the first operational BRT scheme in Africa to fruition, working in partnership with LAMATA and the World Bank in Lagos, Nigeria. Colin Brader of ITP received the Transport Planner of the Year award in 2009 for his pioneering work on BRT.
Lagos Bus Rapid Transit – ITP was initially appointed by the World Bank and Lagos Area Metropolitan Transit Authority (LAMATA) to carry out a BRT feasibility study in Lagos – a conurbation of some 19 million people. This involved:
- Identification and evaluation of a preferred corridor for a BRT system
- Development of a conceptual design for the preferred corridor including infrastructure, stations and depot
- Preparation of an operational plan including vehicle specification, maintenance and mode of operation
- Development of recommendations for regulatory and institutional reform
- Preparation of a business plan based upon a thorough analysis of potential patronage, revenue and operating costs
In the middle of the feasibility study a presentation to the Lagos steering group resulted in the realisation that the implementation of infrastructure on a 25km stretch of the target corridor was readily achievable. Finance was secured and ITP was given a second commission by LAMATA to move that part of the corridor rapidly through detailed design to implementation. We worked intensively in partnership with the client to design and oversee implementation and the “BRT Lite” system became operational in October 2007, some 11 months after a decision to implement. This was the first BRT system to be successfully implemented on the African continent.
South East London BRT study - We were appointed by the South East London Transport Strategy group (SELTRANS) in partnership with the South Greenwich Regeneration Agency (SGRA) to investigate options for bus rapid transit (BRT) along corridors in South East London to improve accessibility and connectivity between areas in the boroughs of Bromley, Greenwich and Lewisham. A major part of the study involved examination of physical opportunities and constraints that the corridors offer, in order to achieve the short and reliable run times that are essential to the success of bus rapid transit. Potential patronage along the corridors was considered through accessibility analysis and multi criteria appraisal was undertaken. At the end of the study, we recommended an approach that would overcome a significant accessibility gap and greatly assist regeneration.
Accra Bus Rapid Transit – ITP has worked on planning and developing Bus Rapid Transit in Accra, Ghana since 2004. We initially undertook pre-feasibility and feasibility studies that included engineering and operational feasibility, passenger and revenue forecasting, a detailed analysis of route options and consideration of policy, regulatory, organisational and franchising issues. We were then appointed with Mott MacDonald to develop a BRT pilot corridor, on one of eight planned routes, to take it through to design and contract preparation. We separately undertook a design review at the end of the detailed design process.
Northampton Rapid Transit - ITP was the lead consultant to Rapid Transport International plc (RTI), a private sector organisation promoting the entirely private sector funded Rapid Transit System in Northampton. Our specific responsibilities included:
- Technology evaluation
- Route feasibility
- Junction design and traffic management
- Two-dimensional design
- Transport impact assessment
- Co ordination of Transport and Works Act Application
- Operator liaison
- Operator Invitation to Tender
- Production of display and consultation material
- Lead on passenger/revenue forecasting
- Development of Business Case
- Production of stage one safety case
International BRT handbook -ITP was appointed by the World Bank to review and document Bus Rapid Transit experience in Lagos, Johannesburg and Jakarta. This formed part of a World Bank handbook documenting good and poor examples of BRT implementation and subsequent operation in different conditions. It included a quantitative assessment of performance, together with a qualitative review of the systems’ ability to meet user expectations and address policy/strategic issues. Interviews were held with users, technicians and politicians. The key findings included the need for significant institutional and regulatory reform to implement each system, and the fact that the development of each system involved compromises.
BRT feasibility study, Kampala, Uganda - ITP was appointed to define the long term conceptual design of a BRT system for Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area. This included the production of a forecasting and corridor appraisal model, the development of a BRT concept for application in Kampala, investigation and development of an institutional and regulatory structure to support BRT, and financial and socio-economic evaluation of the BRT concept. Our study report defined a long term vision with specific actions to be implemented in the short term.
Cebu BRT study and concept plan – We were appointed to prepare a public transport concept plan based around BRT for a main transport corridor in Cebu City in the Philippines. Our work confirmed the highest priority corridor for introduction of BRT based upon the potential benefits and probability of successful implementation, and included the preparation of a concept plan for an integrated comprehensive public transport system for the corridor. The concept plan included potential land development impacts, institutional and regulatory arrangements for implementation, operation, management and finance and the potential role for public private partnerships. Other important components within the study were active consultation and engagement of stakeholders, branding and a delivery plan for implementation.